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Company Type Private Limited Company  Single Member Limited Company Public Limited Company  General Partnership Company Limited Partnership Company  Limited Partnership Company with a Share Capital 
Minimum Number of Shareholders 2 1 5 (1 witin the IBC) 2 1 general partner and 1 limited partner 1 general partner and 5 limited partners
Minimum capital (EUR) 2,00 1,00 50.000,00 - - 50.000,00
Representation of capital Quotas (min. Eur. 1,00) Quota Shares (minimum EUR 0,01)  - - The capital holdings of limited partners are represented by shares
Liability of shareholders Limited to the capital Limited to the capital Limited to the capital Unlimited General partners: unlimited
Limited partners: limited to the capital 
General partners: unlimited
Limited partners: limited to the capital 
Business name Must end with "Lda." or "Limitada"   The business name must include the term "Sociedade Unipessoal" or word "Unipessoal" before "Limitada" or "Lda" It must end with "S.A." or "Sociedade Anónima"   When all the shareholders are not individually specified, it must bear the name or business name of one of them followed by the term "e Companhia" or any other term indicating the existence of other shareholders.  The business name is formed by the name or business name of at least one of the general partners followed by the term "em Comandita" or "& Comandita".
None of the limited partners can be included in the company´s business name, unless they expressly consent to said inclusion. 
The business name is formed by the name or business name of at least one of the general partners followed by the term "em Comandita por acções" or "& Comandita por Acções".
None of the limited partners can be included in the company´s business name, unless they expressly consent to said inclusion. 
Management  1 or more managers 1 or more managers  Board of Directors, or
Executive Board of Administrators and Supervisory Board
Odd number of directors
1 or more managers     
1 or more managers
Only general partners can be manager, unless the articles of association permit the appointment of limited partners. 
1 or more managers
Only general partners can be manager, unless the articles of association permit the appointment of limited partners.
Audit requirements Not compulsory up to a specified limit  Not compulsory up to a specified limit  Compulsory Not compulsory Not compulsory -
Observation This is the company type most used in Portugal.

Services contributions (work) are not permitted.     
Single member limited companies are governed by legislation that also governs private limited companies.

See also the impact of Single membership
Less flexibility

More suited to medium and large-sized companies 
Little used due to the liability regimeCapital contributions in the form of services are permitted. Little used due to the liability regime.

Capital contributions from limited partners in the form of services are not permitted.

The provisions relative to general partnership companies are generally applicableA private limited company or a public limited company can be general partners.
Little used due to the liability regime

Capital contributions from limited partners in the form of services are not permitted

The provisions relative to public limited companies are generally applicableA private limited company or a public limited company can be general partners

 

How we help our clients

NEWCO is an inward investment services provider specialized in the implementation of foreign investment in Portugal and Malta. With 30 years of experience and know how, we help our clients maximize the opportunities and minimize the risks of operating in a new country, allowing them to stay focused on their business. Contact us to find out how we can help you invest or relocate into Portugal, including Madeira, or Malta.

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